What are periodontal diseases?
Periodontal disease is a gum disease that is caused when plaque and tartar build up in the spots between the teeth and gums. The bacteria in the plaque build-up and the gums around the teeth become inflated. As it progresses it deteriorates the bone structure surrounding the teeth which can lead to gum recession and tooth loss. Periodontal diseases range from gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis depending on its severity.
How do I know if I have a periodontal disease?
Gum diseases occur frequently among adults. Some of the signs involve bleeding gums, swollen gums, constant bad breath, loosening of the tooth. It is possible to have gum disease without seemingly evident symptoms. Regular checkups and periodontal evaluations are crucial.
What are the different stages of the periodontal disease?
Gingivitis: This is the first stage of gum disease. During this stage, the inflammation of gums takes place due to the bacteria in the plaque build-up between the gums and the teeth. Bleeding of gums while brushing and flossing is a common symptom. Proper care in this stage can help reverse the situation.
Periodontitis:In this stage, the bone structure and the fibers in the mouth are poorly damaged. Pocket structures begin to form below the gum line. Proper dental treatment along with intensive homecare is beneficial in this stage.
Advanced Periodontitis: This is the last stage, of periodontal disease. In this stage, the bone structure and the fibers of the teeth are ruined which results in the shift of tooth position and loosening of the tooth.
Is periodontal disease curable?
A dental checkup can determine which stage of gum disease you are at. If you are at an early stage of gingivitis it is reversible with the help of cleaning and other proper care. Advanced stage of periodontitis leads to damage in the bone structure which often results in loosening of the tooth eventually progressing towards the severe destruction of gums and teeth.
How can periodontal care be taken?
Periodontal care can be taken in simple but yet effective ways:
- Brushing: Brushing the teeth as well as the tongue is good especially after meals; it helps remove all the leftover bacteria.
- Flossing:Flossing in addition to brushing is helpful as it reaches places a toothbrush cannot reach. This helps to remove the particles that are stuck in between the gums and the teeth. Floss once every day for better results.
- Using a mouthwash: An antibacterial mouthwash is useful, as not only does it prevents the bacteria in the mouth but also gives you a better breath.
- Other factors: Other factors involve diabetes, heart diseases, addiction (smoking), and diet and so on. It is wise to consult a professional if you think you are at a higher risk for periodontal diseases.
- Periodontal Evaluation:Get a periodontal evaluation from your dentist because no matter how often dental professionals mention brushing and flossing patients tend to neglect it. Gum diseases are sometimes painless so the patient might not recognize it as an issue until later. Therefore, an early evaluation can help protect the teeth and gums from further damage.
Call the office of Dr. Frances H. Yankie at 415-383-0824 in Mill Valley, CA to give your teeth a new life!